Child Labour in India
Children are an asset to society. The welfare of the society is closely related to the welfare of the child. India has the largest workforce of children in the world. They are made to work as slaves in fields and factories in homes and in cottage industries. They are deprived of their childhood. Children are also
The evil of child labour is the product of poverty. Poor parents compel their children to work in order to supplement the family income. Due to insufficient education the poor unfortunately have a large nu mber of children. Poverty and population growth go hand in hand. The beggars are never worried about their large family because every child becomes an earning hand at an early age.
Children work in units maki ng beedis or polishing vessels, or matches. Crackers, rugs, and so on. They are exploite d even when they are employed as domestic helpers. Can you blame their employers? Not really. A businessman works hard not to help society, but chiefly to make a profit. In order to cut his costs he employs cheap labour, i.e. children. We cannot blame the poor also for their helplessness. It is true that the conditions in which they work is usually terrible. They inhale chemical f umes and metal dust. Soon they begin to gasp for breath.
Are you wondering why children must work and why they don't go to school? Doesn't the State do something to b etter their lot? Of course
In 2001. Children's Day fell on Diwali. November 14. It is a day when we in India consider ways to promote th e rights of children. But all the plans to improve the lot of
poor children exist on paper, Only there was a campaign to boycott fireworks produced by little children. School children took out processing's also asking everybody's to say no to crackers. But did such a boycott help the children? The answer is No. A nationwide boycott of all
Every child is a gift of God
The position of India in terms of child labour is not an appreciable one; with a credible estimates ranging from 60 to 115 million, India has the largest number of working children in the world. Whether they are sweating in the heat of stone quarries, working in the fields 16 hours a day, picking rags in the city streets, or hidden away as domestic servants, these children endure miserable and difficult lives. They earn little and are made to work more. They struggle to make enough to eat and perhaps to help feed their families as well.
They do not go to school. Many of them have been working since the age of four or five, and by the time they attain adulthood they may be irrevocably sick and deformed they will certainly be exhausted, and in this way they are debarred from enjoying the basic human rights, which are essential for the advancement of one’s personality. According to the statistics given by Indian government there are 20 million child labourers in the country, while other agencies claim that it is 50 million.
Child labour is a conspicuous problem in India. Its prevalence is evident in the child work participation rate, which is more than that of other developing countries. Poverty is the reason for child labour in India. The meager income of child labourers is also absorbed by their families. The paucity of organized banking in the rural areas creates a void in taking facilities, forcing poor families to push their children in harsh labour, the harshest being bonded labour. That declaration stated that all ILO members have an obligation “to respect, to promote and to realize in good faith” a set of fundamental rights which include freedom of association the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining the elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour the
effective abolition of child labour and the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.
Suggestions - The Govt. should take proper effective steps to decrease the population and give the employment to the parents of child labour. Necessary practical steps should be taken to educate the children. Provided the necessary sufficient funds to the organizations working for the education and removal of child labour. There should be effective implementations of child protective laws. There should be necessary prosecution of child labour defaulters. The involvement of the religious leaders, trade unionist and non government organizations and to tackle the child labour by forming advisory committees on child labour on block level should be there. The authorities should not bend before the pressure of the politicians while tackling the problems of child labour.
Conclusion- At present, inspite of policy of the government regarding removal of child labour. The various steps taken in this direction and the laws passed about it haven’t controlled the ongoing child labour. This is possible only with the